What is a Junior Commissioned Officer?

Introduction Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) is a term used for a group of military personnel which is higher than havildars and lower than lieutenants; this term is only used by Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. Senior havildars are promoted to JCO rank on the basis of merit and seniority, and are restricted by the number of… Read More

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What is a Subedar?

Introduction Subedar is a rank of junior commissioned officer in the Indian Army; a senior non-commissioned officer in the Pakistan Army, and formerly a Viceroy’s commissioned officer in the British Indian Army. Refer to Subedar-Major. Brief History Subedar or subadar was the second-highest rank of Indian officer in the military forces of British India, ranking… Read More

What is a Subedar-Major?

Introduction Subedar Major is the senior-most rank of junior commissioned officer in the Indian and Pakistani Armies, formerly known as the Viceroy’s commissioned officer in the British Indian Army. Refer to Subedar and Jemadar. Brief History During the British Raj, Battalion Subedar-Major was the highest rank natives could achieve. He would serve as a representative… Read More

What is a Jemadar?

Introduction Jemadar or jamadar is a title used for various military and other officials in the Indian subcontinent. Refer to Subedar and Subedar-Major. Etymology The word stems from Urdu (جمعدار), which derives through Persian jam(a)dar from Arabic jamā‘a(t) ‘muster’ + -dār ‘holder’. Pre-Colonial A jemadar was originally an armed official of a zamindar (feudal lord)… Read More