What was the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965?

Introduction The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 was a culmination of skirmishes that took place between April 1965 and September 1965 between Pakistan and India. Background The conflict began following Pakistan’s Operation Gibraltar (see below), which was designed to infiltrate forces into Jammu and Kashmir to precipitate an insurgency against Indian rule. India retaliated by launching… Read More

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What was the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947?

Introduction The Indo-Pakistani War of 1947-1948, sometimes known as the First Kashmir War, was fought between India and Pakistan over the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir from 1947 to 1948. Background It was the first of four Indo-Pakistan Wars fought between the two newly independent nations. Pakistan precipitated the war a few weeks after… Read More

What is the Pakistan Army School of Physical Training (ASPT)?

Introduction This brief article provides an overview of the Pakistan Army’s Army School of Physical Training. What is the Army School of Physical Training? The Army School of Physical Training (ASPT) is a defence training establishment of the Pakistan Army. The ASPT is responsible for delivering physical and allied sports training courses for Pakistan Army… Read More