What was Operation Brasstacks (1986-1987)?

Introduction Operation Brasstacks was a major combined arms military exercise of the Indian Armed Forces in Rajasthan state of India, that took place in 1986 until its execution in 1987. As part of a series of exercises to simulate the operational capabilities of the Indian armed forces, it was the major and largest mobilization of… Read More


What is the Ordnance Factory Board (India)?

Introduction Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) consisting of the Indian Ordnance Factories is a Government agency under the control of department of defence production (DDP) Ministry of Defence (MoD), Government of India. It is engaged in research, development, production, testing, marketing and logistics of a product range in the areas of air, land and sea systems.… Read More

What was the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947?

Introduction The Indo-Pakistani War of 1947-1948, sometimes known as the First Kashmir War, was fought between India and Pakistan over the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir from 1947 to 1948. Background It was the first of four Indo-Pakistan Wars fought between the two newly independent nations. Pakistan precipitated the war a few weeks after… Read More

What was Operation Polo?

Introduction Operation Polo was the code name of the Hyderabad “police action” in September 1948, by the then newly independent Dominion of India against Hyderabad State. What was It? It was a military operation in which the Indian Armed Forces invaded the Nizam-ruled princely state, annexing it into the Indian Union. Background At the time… Read More


“First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.” Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869 to 1948) Known as Mahatma Gandhi, he was an Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. As such, he came to… Read More

What is Peace?

“Peace is not a relationship of nations. It is a condition of mind brought about by a serenity of soul. Peace is not merely the absence of war. It is also a state of mind. Lasting peace can come only to peaceful people.” Jawaharlal Nehru (1899 to 1964) Also known as the “Pundit” or “Teacher”,… Read More