What was the Great Siege of Gibraltar (1779-1783)?

Introduction The Great Siege of Gibraltar (24 June 1779 to 07 February 1783) was an unsuccessful attempt by Spain and France to capture Gibraltar from the British during the War of the American Revolution. The American war had ended with the British defeat at Yorktown in October 1781, but the Bourbon defeat in their great… Read More

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What was the Anglo-French War (1778-1783)?

Introduction The Anglo-French War, also known as the War of 1778 or the Bourbon War in Britain, was a military conflict fought between France and Great Britain, sometimes with their respective allies, between 1778 and 1783. As a consequence, Great Britain was forced to divert resources used to fight the war in North America to… Read More

What was the Second Anglo-Mysore War (1780-1784)?

Introduction The Second Anglo-Mysore War was a conflict between the Kingdom of Mysore and the British East India Company from 1780 to 1784. At the time, Mysore was a key French ally in India, and the conflict between Britain against the French and Dutch in the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) sparked Anglo-Mysorean hostilities in India.… Read More

What is Evacuation Day (Massachusetts)?

Introduction Evacuation Day is a holiday observed on 17 March in Suffolk County, Massachusetts (which includes the cities of Boston, Chelsea, and Revere, and the town of Winthrop) and also by the public schools in Somerville, Massachusetts. The holiday commemorates the evacuation of British forces from the city of Boston following the Siege of Boston,… Read More

What was the Anglo-Spanish War (1779-1783)?

Introduction Spain played an important role in the independence of the United States (refer to the American War of Independence, 1775-1783), as part of its conflict with Britain. Spain declared war on Britain as an ally of France, itself an ally of the American colonies. Most notably, Spanish forces attacked British positions in the south… Read More

What was the American War of Independence (1775-1783)?

Introduction The American Revolutionary War (19 April 1775 to 03 September 1783), also known as the American War of Independence or the Revolutionary War, was initiated by delegates from the thirteen American colonies in Congress against Great Britain over their objection to Parliament’s taxation policies and lack of colonial representation. From their founding in the… Read More