Who was Sarah Tarrant?

Introduction Sarah Tarrant (1743 to 1828) was a nurse. She is remembered for her bravery in challenging the British soldiers who occupied Salem during military actions prior to the American Revolutionary War. On Sunday 26 February 1775, a battalion of British infantry, under Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Leslie, was sent to Salem to look for colonial… Read More


What was the Gunpowder Incident (1775)?

Introduction The Gunpowder Incident (or Gunpowder Affair) was a conflict early in the American Revolutionary War between Lord Dunmore, the Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, and militia led by Patrick Henry. On 20 April 1775, one day after the Battles of Lexington and Concord (and well before news of those events reached Virginia),… Read More

What was the Salem Gunpowder Raid (1775)?

Introduction The Salem Gunpowder Raid (also known as Leslie’s Retreat) refers to a standoff between the British military and colonists in the town of Salem, Massachusetts, which was ended by a compromise agreement. Refer to the Sarah Tarrant, Powder Alarm (1774), the Capture of Fort William and Mary (1774), and the American War of Independence… Read More

What was the Capture of Fort William and Mary (1774)?

Introduction The Capture of Fort William and Mary took place in New Hampshire on 14 December 1774, when local Patriots from the Portsmouth area, led by John Langdon, stormed Fort William and Mary (overcoming a six-man caretaker detachment) and seized the garrison’s powder, which was distributed through several towns in the colony for potential use… Read More

What was the Powder Alarm (1774)?

Introduction The Powder Alarm was a major popular reaction to the removal of gunpowder from a magazine by British soldiers under orders from General Thomas Gage, royal governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, on 01 September 1774. In response to this action, amid rumours that blood had been shed, alarm spread through the countryside… Read More

What is Bennington Battle Day?

Introduction Bennington Battle Day is a state holiday unique to Vermont, commemorating the American victory over British forces at the Battle of Bennington during the American Revolutionary War in 1777. Background The holiday’s date is fixed, occurring on 16 August every year. In Bennington, there is a battle re-enactment put on by the local history… Read More

What was the (British) East India Company?

Introduction The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC), East India Trading Company (EITC), the English East India Company or (after 1707) the British East India Company, and informally known as John Company, Company Bahadur, or simply The Company was an English and later British joint-stock company founded in… Read More