What was the Ararat Rebellion (1927-1930)?

Introduction The Ararat rebellion, also known as the Ağrı rebellion (Turkish: Ağrı ayaklanmaları or Ağrı isyanı), was a 1930 uprising of the Kurds of Ağrı Province, in eastern Turkey, against the Turkish government. The leader of the guerrilla forces during the rebellion was Ihsan Nuri of the Jibran tribe. Background In 1926, before the Ararat… Read More


What where the National Congress Battalions?

Introduction The National Congress Battalions (Italian: Battaglioni del Congresso Nazionale, Maltese: Battaljuni tal-Kungress Nazzjonali), also known as the Truppe di Campagna, was an irregular military set up in Malta just after the Maltese rebellion against French rule in September 1798. It existed for two years before being disbanded on 11 September 1800. The battalions were… Read More

What was the Indian Rebellion of 1857?

Introduction The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857-1858 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. Refer to the Vellore Mutiny (1806) and the Barrackpore Mutiny of 1824. The rebellion began on 10… Read More

Who was Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson?

Introduction Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson (1390s to 04 May 1436) was a Swedish nobleman and nationalist rebel leader and statesman. He was the leader of the Engelbrekt rebellion in 1434 against Eric of Pomerania, king of the Kalmar Union. Engelbrekt Parish (Engelbrekts församling) and Engelbrekt Church (Engelbrektskyrkan) in the Church of Sweden Diocese of Stockholm were both… Read More

What was O’Doherty’s Rebellion (1608)?

Introduction O’Doherty’s rebellion took place in 1608 when Sir Cahir Rua O’Doherty (Irish: Sir Cathaoir Ruadh Ó Dochartaigh), Lord of Inishowen, began an uprising against the Crown authorities in the west of Ulster in the north-west of the Kingdom of Ireland. O’Doherty, a Gaelic chieftain, had been a long-standing supporter of the Crown, but having… Read More

What was the War of the Three Henries (977-978)?

Introduction The War of the Three Henries was a brief rebellion of three German princes, all called Henry, against Emperor Otto II in 977-978. Refer to War of the Three Henrys (1587-1589). Background In 973 Otto II had succeeded his father Emperor Otto I without disturbances. However, like his father he had to cope with… Read More