What is Evacuation Day (Massachusetts)?

Introduction Evacuation Day is a holiday observed on 17 March in Suffolk County, Massachusetts (which includes the cities of Boston, Chelsea, and Revere, and the town of Winthrop) and also by the public schools in Somerville, Massachusetts. The holiday commemorates the evacuation of British forces from the city of Boston following the siege of Boston,… Read More

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What was the Pompton Mutiny (1781)?

Introduction The Pompton Mutiny, also referred to as the Federal Hill Rebellion, was a revolt of Continental Army troops at Pompton Camp in what was then Pompton Township, New Jersey, present-day Bloomingdale, New Jersey, that occurred on 20 January 1781, beneath the command of Colonel Israel Shreve. Refer to Pennsylvania Line Mutiny (1781). Brief History… Read More

What was the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny (1781)?

Introduction The Pennsylvania Line Mutiny was a mutiny of Continental Army soldiers, who demanded higher pay and better housing conditions, and was the cause of the legend and stories surrounding the American heroine Tempe Wick. The mutiny began on 01 January 1781, and ended with a negotiated settlement on 08 January 1781. The negotiated terms… Read More

What was the Continental Army (1775-1783)?

Introduction The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the former British colonies that later became the United States of America. Established by a resolution of the Congress on 14 June 1775, it was created to coordinate the military efforts of the Thirteen Colonies… Read More

What was the Newburgh Conspiracy (1783)?

Introduction The Newburgh Conspiracy was what appeared to be a planned military coup by the Continental Army in March 1783, when the American Revolutionary War was at its end. The conspiracy may have been instigated by members in the Congress of the Confederation, who circulated an anonymous letter in the army camp at Newburgh, New… Read More