What was the USS Alfred?

Introduction Alfred was the merchant vessel Black Prince, named for Edward, the Black Prince, and launched in 1774. The Continental Navy of what would become the United States acquired her in 1775, renamed her Alfred after 9th century English monarch Alfred the Great, and commissioned her as a warship. She participated in two major actions,… Read More

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What was the Battle of Fort Cumberland (1776)?

Introduction The Battle of Fort Cumberland (also known as the Eddy Rebellion) was an attempt by a small number of militia commanded by Jonathan Eddy to bring the American Revolutionary War to Nova Scotia in late 1776. With minimal logistical support from Massachusetts and four to five hundred volunteer militia and Natives, Eddy attempted to… Read More

What was the French and Indian War (1754-1763)?

Introduction The French and Indian War (1754-1763) pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France, each side supported by military units from the parent country and by Native American allies. At the start of the war, the French colonies had a population of roughly 60,000 settlers, compared with 2 million in the… Read More

What was the Continental Army (1775-1783)?

Introduction The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the former British colonies that later became the United States of America. Established by a resolution of the Congress on 14 June 1775, it was created to coordinate the military efforts of the Thirteen Colonies… Read More

What was the Proclamation of Rebellion (1775)?

Introduction The Proclamation of Rebellion, officially titled A Proclamation for Suppressing Rebellion and Sedition, was the response of George III to the news of the Battle of Bunker Hill at the outset of the American Revolution. Issued on 23 August 1775, it declared elements of the American colonies in a state of “open and avowed… Read More

What was the Battle of Bunker Hill (1775)?

Introduction The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought on 17 June 1775, during the Siege of Boston in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War. The battle is named after Bunker Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts, which was peripherally involved in the battle. It was the original objective of both the colonial and British troops,… Read More

What is the German-American Steuben Parade?

Introduction Von Steuben Day is a holiday traditionally held on a weekend in mid-September (von Steuben was born 17 September), celebrating the Prussian-born Baron Friedrich von Steuben, who arrived in the United States (US) as a volunteer offering his services to General George Washington in the American Revolutionary War. Von Steuben is still regarded as… Read More