What was the American War of Independence (1775-1783)?

Introduction The American Revolutionary War (19 April 1775 to 03 September 1783), also known as the American War of Independence or the Revolutionary War, was initiated by delegates from the thirteen American colonies in Congress against Great Britain over their objection to Parliament’s taxation policies and lack of colonial representation. From their founding in the… Read More

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What was Father Le Loutre’s War (1749-1755)?

Introduction Father Le Loutre’s War (1749-1755), also known as the Indian War, the Micmac War and the Anglo-Micmac War, took place between King George’s War and the French and Indian War in Acadia and Nova Scotia. On one side of the conflict, the British and New England colonists were led by British Officer Charles Lawrence… Read More

What was the French and Indian War (1754-1763)?

Introduction The French and Indian War (1754-1763) pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France, each side supported by military units from the parent country and by Native American allies. At the start of the war, the French colonies had a population of roughly 60,000 settlers, compared with 2 million in the… Read More

What were the Beaver Wars (1609-1701)?

Introduction The Beaver Wars, also known as the Iroquois Wars or the French and Iroquois Wars (French: Guerres franco-iroquoises), encompass a series of conflicts fought intermittently during the 17th century in North America (refer to French and Indian Wars (1688-1763)). They were battles for economic dominance throughout the Saint Lawrence River valley in Canada and… Read More

What was the Treaty of Paris (1763)?

Introduction The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Great Britain and Prussia’s victory over France and Spain during the Seven Years’ War. The signing of the treaty formally ended the Seven… Read More

What was the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763)?

Introduction The Seven Years’ War (1756-1763) was a global conflict, “a struggle for global primacy between Britain and France,” which also had a major impact on the Spanish Empire. In Europe, the conflict arose from issues left unresolved by the War of the Austrian Succession, with Prussia seeking greater dominance. Long standing colonial rivalries between… Read More

What was the Battle of Fort Cumberland (1776)?

Introduction The Battle of Fort Cumberland (also known as the Eddy Rebellion) was an attempt by a small number of militia commanded by Jonathan Eddy to bring the American Revolutionary War to Nova Scotia in late 1776. With minimal logistical support from Massachusetts and four to five hundred volunteer militia and Natives, Eddy attempted to… Read More