What was the (British) East India Company?

Introduction The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC), East India Trading Company (EITC), the English East India Company or (after 1707) the British East India Company, and informally known as John Company, Company Bahadur, or simply The Company was an English and later British joint-stock company founded in… Read More

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What was the Anglo-Spanish War (1779-1783)?

Introduction Spain played an important role in the independence of the United States (refer to the American War of Independence, 1775-1783), as part of its conflict with Britain. Spain declared war on Britain as an ally of France, itself an ally of the American colonies. Most notably, Spanish forces attacked British positions in the south… Read More

What was the American War of Independence (1775-1783)?

Introduction The American Revolutionary War (19 April 1775 to 03 September 1783), also known as the American War of Independence or the Revolutionary War, was initiated by delegates from the thirteen American colonies in Congress against Great Britain over their objection to Parliament’s taxation policies and lack of colonial representation. From their founding in the… Read More

What was the Anglo-Spanish War (1762-1763)?

Introduction The Anglo–Spanish War (Spanish: Guerra Anglo-Española) was a military conflict fought between Britain and Spain, as part of the Seven Years’ War, and lasted from January 1762 to February 1763, when the Treaty of Paris brought it to an end. For most of the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763), Spain remained neutral and turned down… Read More

What was the French and Indian War (1754-1763)?

Introduction The French and Indian War (1754-1763) pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France, each side supported by military units from the parent country and by Native American allies. At the start of the war, the French colonies had a population of roughly 60,000 settlers, compared with 2 million in the… Read More

What were the French and Indian Wars (1688-1763)?

Introduction The French and Indian Wars were a series of conflicts that occurred in North America between 1688 and 1763, some of which indirectly were related to the European dynastic wars. The title French and Indian War in the singular is used in the United States specifically for the warfare of 1754-1763, which is mostly… Read More

What was the Second Silesian War (1744-1745)?

Introduction The Second Silesian War (German: Zweiter Schlesischer Krieg) was a war between Prussia and Austria that lasted from 1744 to 1745 and confirmed Prussia’s control of the region of Silesia (now in south-western Poland). The war was fought mainly in Silesia, Bohemia, and Upper Saxony and formed one theatre of the wider War of… Read More