Who was John Buckley?

Introduction Major John Buckley VC (24 May 1813 to 14 July 1876) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross. He was the 115th recipient of the award and the first of 182 awarded during the Indian Mutiny (1358 have been awarded in total). Early Life Buckley was born in a cottage on Cocker Hill… Read More


What was the French East India Company?

Introduction The French East India Company (French: Compagnie française pour le commerce des Indes orientales) was a imperial commercial enterprise, founded on 01 September 1664 to compete with the English (later British) and Dutch trading companies in the East Indies. Planned by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, it was chartered by King Louis XIV for the purpose of… Read More

What was the (British) East India Company?

Introduction The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC), East India Trading Company (EITC), the English East India Company or (after 1707) the British East India Company, and informally known as John Company, Company Bahadur, or simply The Company was an English and later British joint-stock company founded in… Read More

What is a Chartered Company?

Introduction A chartered company is an association with investors or shareholders that is incorporated and granted rights (often exclusive rights) by royal charter (or similar instrument of government) for the purpose of trade, exploration, and/or colonisation. Notable Chartered Companies Austrian: 1719 Imperial Privileged Oriental Company. 1722 Ostend Company. 1775 Austrian East India Company. British: 1711… Read More

What was the Indian Rebellion of 1857?

Introduction The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857-1858 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. Refer to the Vellore Mutiny (1806) and the Barrackpore Mutiny of 1824. The rebellion began on 10… Read More

What was the Capture of Ormuz (1622)?

Introduction The Capture of Ormuz (Persian: بازپس گیری هرمز, also known as the Anglo-Persian Capture of Ormuz) was a combined Anglo-Persian expedition that successfully captured the Portuguese garrison at Hormuz Island after a ten-week siege, thus opening up Persian trade with England in the Persian Gulf. Before the capture of Ormuz, the Portuguese had held… Read More

What was the Battle of Swally (1612)?

Introduction The naval Battle of Swally, also known as Battle of Suvali, took place on 29 to 30 November 1612 off the coast of Suvali (anglicised to Swally) a village near the Surat city (now in Gujarat, India) and was a victory for four English East India Company galleons over four Portuguese galleons and 26… Read More