What was the French and Indian War (1754-1763)?

Introduction The French and Indian War (1754-1763) pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France, each side supported by military units from the parent country and by Native American allies. At the start of the war, the French colonies had a population of roughly 60,000 settlers, compared with 2 million in the… Read More


What was the War of the Austrian Succession?

Introduction The 1740 to 1748 War of the Austrian Succession (German: Österreichischer Erbfolgekrieg) was the last Great Power conflict with the Bourbon-Habsburg dynastic conflict at its heart, and marked the rise of Prussia as a major power. Related conflicts include King George’s War, the War of Jenkins’ Ear, the First Carnatic War, as well as… Read More

What was the Battle of Madonna dell’Olmo?

Introduction The Battle of Madonna dell’Olmo or Battle of Cuneo was fought on the outskirts of Cuneo on 30 September 1744, in the War of the Austrian Succession. The battle ended in a victory for the armies of Spain and France over the Kingdom of Sardinia but it did not advance the victors’ campaign. Background… Read More