What is a Show of Force?

Introduction A show of force is a military operation intended to warn (such as a warning shot) or to intimidate an opponent by showcasing a capability or will to act if one is provoked. Shows of force may also be executed by police forces and other armed, non-military groups. Function Shows of force have historically… Read More


What was the Mission Accomplished Speech (2003)?

Introduction The Mission Accomplished speech (named for a banner displayed above the speaker) was a televised address by United States President George W. Bush on the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln on 01 May 2003. Although Bush stated at the time “Our mission continues” and “We have difficult work to do in Iraq,” he also… Read More

Who was Elvin Bell?

Introduction Elvin Bell was a decorated African-American hero who served with the US Navy during the Second World War. When the USS Lexington (CV-2) was damaged in battle on 08 May 1942, he distinguished himself by rescuing three men. Refer to Charles French and Doris Miller. USS Lexington The USS Lexington (CV-2) was an American… Read More

What is an Unsinkable Aircraft Carrier?

Introduction An unsinkable aircraft carrier is a term sometimes used to refer to a geographical or political island that is used to extend the power projection of a military force. Because such an entity is capable of acting as an airbase and is a physical landmass not easily destroyed, it is, in effect, an immobile… Read More

What was Project Habakkuk?

Introduction Project Habakkuk or Habbakuk (spelling varies) was a plan by the British during the Second World War to construct an aircraft carrier out of pykrete (a mixture of wood pulp and ice) for use against German U-boats in the mid-Atlantic, which were beyond the flight range of land-based planes at that time. The idea… Read More

Outlining the US Navy’s Response to a Shipboard Coronavirus Outbreak

Research Paper Title US Navy’s Response to a Shipboard Coronavirus Outbreak: Considerations for a Medical Management Plan at Sea. Background The authors observe with interest the ongoing management of the 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and its impact on the US Navy. The Navy is in a unique position of needing to balance operational readiness with… Read More

The Significant Costs of Aircraft Carriers

What is an Aircraft Carrier? An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft. Countries with Aircraft Carriers Notwithstanding the US, other countries capable of launching jet aircraft make do with smaller and less potent vessels. Countries… Read More