Linking Muscle Activity & Increased Oxygen Cost during Moderate Exercise following Heavy Exercise

Research Paper Title Prior heavy exercise increases oxygen cost during moderate exercise without associated change in surface EMG. Background The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that prior heavy exercise results in a higher oxygen cost during a subsequent bout of moderate exercise due to changes in muscle activity. Methods Eight male subjects (25… Read More


What is the Copenhagen Method?

Another more recent interval training method follows the research of Gunnarsson and Bangsbo published in 2012, called the 10-20-30 Training Concept, more commonly known as the Copenhagen Method (Gunnarsson & Bangsbo, 2012). In this study, 18 moderately trained runners (6 females and 12 males) were divided into a high-intensity training (10-20-30) group and a control… Read More

The Effects of Basic Training on British Army Regular & Reserve Recruits

Research Paper Title Effects of basic training in the British Army on regular and reserve army personnel. Background The aim of this study was to compare changes in aerobic fitness and body composition in response to British Army (regular) and Territorial Army (reserve) basic training. Methods Eleven regular recruits, 14 reserve recruits, and 20 controls… Read More

Linking Water Temperature & Exercise Performance

Research Paper Title The Effects of Water Temperature on Physiological Responses and Exercise Performance during Immersed Incremental Exercise. Introduction Aquatic exercise such as swimming is performed in the water of 18 to 34 °C because of the differences in ambient environmental conditions. Heat conductivity of water is greater than that of air, therefore water temperature… Read More

‘Gold Standard’ Treadmill Test vs One-mile Walk Test

Research Paper Title Validation of One-mile Walk Equations for the Estimation of Aerobic Fitness in British Military Personnel under the Age of 40 years. Background To provide an accurate estimate of peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak) for British Royal Navy Personnel aged between 18 and 39, comparing a gold standard treadmill based maximal exercise test… Read More

What is the Correlation between VO2 Peak, VLT & RE in Special Forces Personnel?

Research Paper Title Oxygen Uptake, Velocity at Lactate Threshold, and Running Economy in Elite Special Forces. Background To examine the correlation of peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak), velocity at lactate threshold (V(LT)), and running economy (RE) in a group of Special Force Squad members. Methods VO2 peak, V(LT), and RE of 120 male elite special… Read More

An Alternative Approach to the APFT

Research Paper Title An Alternative Approach to the Army Physical Fitness Test Two-mile Run using Critical Velocity and Isoperformance Curves. Background The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of critical velocity (CV) and isoperformance curves as an alternative to the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) two-mile running test. Methods Seventy-eight men and… Read More