Linking Muscle Activity & Increased Oxygen Cost during Moderate Exercise following Heavy Exercise

Research Paper Title Prior heavy exercise increases oxygen cost during moderate exercise without associated change in surface EMG. Background The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that prior heavy exercise results in a higher oxygen cost during a subsequent bout of moderate exercise due to changes in muscle activity. Methods Eight male subjects (25… Read More


Linking Pedalling Posture & Uphill Cycling

Research Paper Title Muscular activity during uphill cycling: Effect of slope, posture, hand grip position and constrained bicycle lateral sways. Background Despite the wide use of surface electromyography (EMG) to study pedalling movement, there is a paucity of data concerning the muscular activity during uphill cycling, notably in standing posture. The aim of this study was… Read More

Utilising Squatting as a Task for Improving Motor Function

Research Paper Title Kinematic, kinetic and EMG patterns during downward squatting. Background The aim of this study was to investigate the kinematic, kinetic, and electromyographic pattern before, during and after downward squatting when the trunk movement is restricted in the sagittal plane. Methods Eight healthy subjects performed downward squatting at two different positions, semisquatting (40… Read More

Maximal Isokinetic Protocol & EMG Normalisation

Research Paper Title A maximal isokinetic pedalling exercise for EMG normalization in cycling. Background An isometric maximal voluntary contraction (iMVC) is mostly used for the purpose of EMG normalization, a procedure described in the scientific literature in order to compare muscle activity among different muscles and subjects. However, the use of iMVC has certain limitations.… Read More