Research Paper Title Estimating Energy Expenditure during Level, Uphill, and Downhill Walking. Background The Load Carriage Decision Aid (LCDA) walking equation was developed from literature-aggregated group mean data to calculate standing and level walking energy expenditures in healthy, military-age adults. The LCDA walking equation has not been validated for use in individuals or graded walking.… Read More
Research Paper Title Muscular activity during uphill cycling: Effect of slope, posture, hand grip position and constrained bicycle lateral sways. Background Despite the wide use of surface electromyography (EMG) to study pedalling movement, there is a paucity of data concerning the muscular activity during uphill cycling, notably in standing posture. The aim of this study was… Read More
The new sub-section ‘The Science of Hills’ can be located under the main page heading of ‘Run!’ This section provides a brief overview of the mechanism of hills training, the benefits and the difference between uphill and downhill training.