Who was Arthur Borton?

Introduction Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Drummond Borton VC, CMG, DSO (01 July 1883 to 05 January 1933) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Biography Borton was born at Cheveney, Kent to British officer Arthur… Read More


What were the Haldane Reforms (1906-1912)?

Introduction The Haldane Reforms were a series of far-ranging reforms of the British Army made from 1906 to 1912, and named after the Secretary of State for War, Richard Burdon Haldane. They were the first major reforms since the “Childers Reforms” of the early 1880s, and were made in the light of lessons newly learned… Read More

What was the Committee of Imperial Defence?

Introduction The Committee of Imperial Defence was an important ad hoc part of the Government of the United Kingdom and the British Empire from just after the Second Boer War until the start of the Second World War. It was responsible for research, and some co-ordination, on issues of military strategy. Typically, a temporary sub-committee… Read More

What was the Second Boer War (1899-1902)?

Introduction The Second Boer War (Afrikaans: Tweede Vryheidsoorlog, lit. “Second Freedom War”, 11 October 1899 to 31 May 1902), also known as the Boer War, the Anglo-Boer War, or the South African War, was a conflict fought between the British Empire and the two Boer Republics (the South African Republic and the Orange Free State)… Read More

An Overview of Boer Foreign Volunteers (1899-1902)

Introduction Boer foreign volunteers were participants who volunteered their military services to the Boers in the Second Boer War (1899-1902). Refer to First Boer War (1880-1881) and South African Wars (1879-1915). Origin Although there was much sympathy for the Boer cause outside of the British Empire, there was little official support as governments proved mostly… Read More

What was the Transvaal Civil War (1862-1864)?

Introduction The Transvaal Civil War was a series of skirmishes during the early 1860s (1862 to 1864) in the South African Republic, or Transvaal, in the area now comprising the Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, and North West provinces of South Africa. It began after the British government had recognised trekkers living in the Transvaal as independent… Read More

What was the First Boer War (1880-1881)?

Introduction The First Boer War (Afrikaans: Eerste Vryheidsoorlog, literally “First Freedom War”), also known as the First Anglo-Boer War, the Transvaal War or the Transvaal Rebellion, was a war fought from 16 December 1880 until 23 March 1881 between the United Kingdom and Boers of the Transvaal (as the South African Republic was known while… Read More