What is Tunnel Warfare?

Introduction Tunnel warfare is a general name for war being conducted in tunnels and other underground cavities. It often includes the construction of underground facilities (mining or undermining) in order to attack or defend, and the use of existing natural caves and artificial underground facilities for military purposes. Tunnels can be used to undermine fortifications… Read More

What is a Sapper?

Introduction A sapper, also called pioneer or combat engineer, is a combatant or soldier who performs a variety of military engineering duties such as breaching fortifications, demolitions, bridge-building, laying or clearing minefields, preparing field defences, as well as working on road and airfield construction and repair. They are also trained to serve as infantry personnel… Read More

What is Sapping?

Introduction Sapping is a term used in siege operations to describe the digging of a covered trench (a “sap”) to approach a besieged place without danger from the enemy’s fire. The purpose of the sap is usually to advance a besieging army’s position towards an attacked fortification. It is excavated by specialised military units, whose… Read More

What is a Bailey Bridge?

Introduction A Bailey bridge is a type of portable, pre-fabricated, truss bridge. It was developed in 1940-1941 by the British for military use during the Second World War and saw extensive use by British, Canadian and US military engineering units. A Bailey bridge has the advantages of requiring no special tools or heavy equipment to… Read More

Military ‘Tech Pay’: RRP vs EPRA

In 2018, the Royal Navy introduced a recruitment and retention payment (RRP) for naval service engineers, which is paid as a daily rate to those who are OR-4 and above in lieu of the engineering professional recognition award (EPRA) which is paid to Army personnel. Army personnel do not qualify for the naval payment, but… Read More

What are the Current Uses of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in the British Army?

Introduction The British Army has a number of uses for Geographic Information Systems (GIS). What Software is Used? The relevant Army unit uses ArcGIS and ERDAS Imagine software. What Services Are Offered? The majority of the support provided by this unit to other units is simple points and lines to enhance base mapping, completed in… Read More