War Surgery, The First World War & Major L.B. Robertson

Discussion Paper Title The University of Toronto’s lasting contribution to war surgery: how Maj. L. Bruce Robertson fundamentally transformed thinking toward blood transfusion during the First World War. Summary During the Great War, Canadian military surgeons produced some of the greatest innovations to improve survival on the battlefield. Arguably, the most important was bringing blood… Read More


Delivering Deployed Skills Training for Whole Blood Collection by a Special Operations Surgical Team

Research Paper Title Deployed skills training for whole blood collection by a special operations expeditionary surgical team. Background Noncompressible haemorrhage is the leading cause of potentially preventable battlefield death. Combining casualty retrieval from the battlefield and damage control resuscitation (DCR) within the “golden hour” increases survival. However, transfusion requirements may exceed the current blood component… Read More

Developing Collaboration to Eliminate Preventable Death on the Battlefield

Research Paper Title Analysis of injury patterns and roles of care in US and Israel militaries during recent conflicts: Two are better than one. Background As new conflicts emerge and enemies evolve, military medical organisations worldwide must adopt the ‘lessons learned.’ In this study, the researchers describe roles of care (ROCs) deployed and injuries sustained… Read More

The Private Soldiers’ Attitude to Death

“Treves watched a fatigue party of grave-diggers, the symbols of death, march jauntily past the door of his tent. It struck him that this devil-may-care attitude was characteristic of the private soldiers’ attitude to death. They had learnt now to hide their feelings behind the screen of tobacco smoke and the gallows humour.” (Pakenham, 2004,… Read More

Implications for the Future of Combat Casualty Care

Research Paper Title Death on the Battlefield (2001-2011): Implications for the Future of Combat Casualty Care. Background Critical evaluation of all aspects of combat casualty care, including mortality, with a special focus on the incidence and causes of potentially preventable deaths among US combat fatalities, is central to identifying gaps in knowledge, training, equipment, and… Read More

Analysis of Recovered Tourniquets from Casualties

Research Paper Title Analysis of Recovered Tourniquets from Casualties of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation New Dawn. Background Tourniquet use recently became common in war, but knowledge gaps remain regarding analysis of recovered devices. The purpose of this study was to analyse tourniquets to identify opportunities for improved training. Methods The researchers analysed tourniquets recovered… Read More

Learning Lessons from a Mass Casualty at Seas Incident

Research Paper Title A Dynamic Mass Casualty Incident at Sea: Lessons Learned from the Mavi Marmara. Background Mass casualty incidents (MCIs) represent one of the most difficult prehospital challenges faced by medical personnel. When they occur at sea, this challenge may be further complicated by isolation, distance, vessel structure, number of passengers, and limited evacuation… Read More