What is Hull-Down?

Introduction In sailing and warfare, hull-down means that the upper part of a vessel or vehicle is visible, but the main, lower body (hull) is not; the term hull-up means that all of the body is visible. The terms originated with sailing and naval warfare in which the curvature of the earth causes an approaching… Read More

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Who was Shawn Nelson?

Introduction Shawn Timothy Nelson (21 August 1959 to 17 May 1995) was an American plumber and US Army veteran who stole an M60A3 Patton tank from a US National Guard armoury in San Diego, California and went on a rampage on 17 May 1995; he destroyed numerous cars, fire hydrants and an RV before being… Read More

Who was Irina Levchenko?

Introduction Irina Nikolaevna Levchenko (Russian: Ирина Николаевна Левченко; 15 March 1924 to 08 January 1973) was a tank commander in the Red Army during the Second World War. For her actions during the war, she was made a Hero of the Soviet Union in 1965. Refer to Aleksandra Boiko, Aleksandra Samusenko, and Mariya Oktyabrskaya. Early… Read More

Who was Mariya Oktyabrskaya?

Introduction Mariya Vasilyevna Oktyabrskaya (Russian: Мария Васильевна Октябрьская; 16 August 1905 to 15 March 1944) was a Soviet tank driver and mechanic who fought on the Eastern Front against Nazi Germany during World War II. After her husband was killed fighting in 1941, Oktyabrskaya sold her possessions to donate a tank for the war effort,… Read More

Who was Aleksandra Samusenko?

Introduction Aleksandra Grigoryevna Samusenko (Russian: Александра Григорьевна Самусенко, Ukrainian: Олександра Григорівна Самусенко, Oleksandra Hryhorivna Samusenko; 1922 to 03 March 1945) was a Soviet T-34 tank commander and a liaison officer during World War II. She was the only female tanker in the 1st Guards Tank Army. Samusenko was awarded the Order of the Red Star… Read More

Who was Aleksandra Boiko?

Introduction Aleksandra Leontievna Boiko (Russian: Александра Леонтьевна Бойко; 20 May 1918 to 25 May 1996) was a tank commander in the Soviet Army active in the Eastern Front of the Second World War. Refer to Aleksandra Samusenko, Mariya Oktyabrskaya, and Irina Levchenko. Biography Aleksandra Leontievna Morisheva was born in Belebey, Bashkortostan, Soviet Union. She graduated… Read More

Logistical Ball & Chain…

“Logistics is the ball and chain of armoured warfare.” Heinz Guderian (1888 to 1954) Heinz Wilhelm Guderian was German general and tank expert, who became one of the principal architects of armoured warfare and the blitzkrieg between World Wars I and II. He contributed decisively to Germany’s victories in Poland, France, and the Soviet Union… Read More