What is Command Responsibility?

Introduction Command responsibility (superior responsibility, the Yamashita standard, and the Medina standard) is the legal doctrine of hierarchical accountability for war crimes. The legal doctrine of command responsibility stipulates that a superior officer (military commander or civilian leader) can be held legally responsible for war crimes committed by subordinates. The legal doctrine of command responsibility… Read More


Who was Jan Zizka?

Introduction Jan Žižka z Trocnova a Kalicha (English: John Zizka of Trocnov and the Chalice; c. 1360 to 11 October 1424) was a Czech general – a contemporary and follower of Jan Hus and a Radical Hussite who led the Taborites. Žižka was a successful military leader and is now a Czech national hero. He… Read More

What is Command and Control?

Introduction Command and control (abbr. C2) is a “set of organizational and technical attributes and processes … [that] employs human, physical, and information resources to solve problems and accomplish missions” to achieve the goals of an organisation or enterprise, according to a 2015 definition by military scientists Marius Vassiliou, David S. Alberts, and Jonathan R.… Read More

What was a Margrave?

Introduction Margrave was originally the medieval title for the military commander assigned to maintain the defence of one of the border provinces of the Holy Roman Empire or of a kingdom. That position became hereditary in certain feudal families in the Empire, and the title came to be borne by rulers of some Imperial principalities… Read More

What is an Armchair General?

Introduction “Armchair general” is a derogatory term for a person who regards themselves as an expert on military matters, despite having little to no actual experience in the military. Alternatively, it can mean a military commander who does not participate in actual combat. Refer to Armchair Warrior. Conventional Usage The most common usage of the… Read More

What is a Warlord?

Introduction A warlord is a strong leader able to exercise military, economic, and political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state because of their ability to mobilise loyal armed forces. These armed forces, usually considered militias (but can be regular troops), are loyal to the warlord rather than to the general government due… Read More

Position to Receive…

“”A present ungraciously given is ungraciously received; an order badly given is badly executed.” [“L’Ame du Soldat”] “The crisp, calculated, and forceful way of giving an order should produce a forceful way of executing it.” [“L’Ame du Soldat”]In giving an order we should first consider the object; secondly, calculate the means; for it is worse… Read More