What is the US Air Force Honour Guard?

Introduction The United States Air Force (USAF) Honour Guard is the official ceremonial unit of the United States Air Force and is assigned to Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, Washington D.C. Background The Honour Guard’s primary mission is to represent the USAF at all public and official ceremonies within the National Capital Region and abroad when directed… Read More


What is Trooping the Colour?

Introduction Trooping the Colour is a ceremony performed by regiments of the British Army. It has been a tradition of British infantry regiments since the 17th century, although its roots go back much earlier. On the battlefield, a regiment’s colours, or flags, were used as rallying points. Consequently, regiments would have their ensigns slowly march… Read More

What is the Cost of Trooping the Colour?

What is the Total Cost of Trooping the Colour Ceremonies? The total cost to the Ministry of Defence (MOD) of Trooping the Colour Ceremonies to celebrate the official birthday of the reigning sovereign is: 2021: £59,662.70. 2020: £3,242.68. 2019: £24,600.54. Note: Costs include: transport hire; fuel; crown feeding; temporary stables; and shells – but does… Read More

What is Horse Guards Parade?

Introduction Horse Guards Parade is a large parade ground off Whitehall in central London. It is the site of the annual ceremonies of Trooping the Colour, which commemorates the monarch’s official birthday, and Beating Retreat. Brief History Horse Guards Parade was formerly the site of the Palace of Whitehall’s tiltyard, where tournaments (including jousting) were… Read More

What is Army Day (Iran)?

Introduction Rouz-e Artesh (English: Army Day) is celebrated on 18 April. Background Exhibitions of the Iranian Army, such as a military parade of active personnel and veterans in the presence of the President of Iran in front of the Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini, takes place during the holiday events.

What is a an Adventus?

Introduction The adventus was a ceremony in ancient Rome, in which an emperor was formally welcomed into a city either during a progress or after a military campaign, often (but not always) Rome. The term is also used to refer to artistic depictions (usually in relief sculpture, including coins) of such ceremonies. Its ‘opposite’ is… Read More

Rules of Saluting in the UK Armed Forces

Who Do You Have To Salute? Saluting is a form of paying a compliment and, apart from the requirement to salute the individuals and the occasions mentioned in Queen’s Regulations’ and ceremonial publications for the single Services, it is rarely wrong for an individual to salute another individual. In a number of establishments it is… Read More