What is the Medal of Freedom?

Introduction “A meritorious act or service which has aided the United States in the prosecution of a war against an enemy or enemies and for which an award of another United States medal or decoration is considered inappropriate” The Medal of Freedom was a decoration established by President Harry S. Truman to honour civilians whose… Read More


What is War Effort?

Introduction In politics and military planning, a war effort is a coordinated mobilisation of society’s resources – both industrial and human – towards the support of a military force. Depending on the militarisation of the culture, the relative size of the armed forces and the society supporting them, the style of government, and the famous… Read More

What is a War Economy?

Introduction A war economy or wartime economy is the set of contingencies undertaken by a modern state to mobilise its economy for war production. Refer to War Effort. Philippe Le Billon describes a war economy as a “system of producing, mobilising and allocating resources to sustain the violence.” Some measures taken include the increasing of… Read More

What is a Fiscal-Military State?

Introduction A fiscal-military state is a state that bases its economic model on the sustainment of its armed forces, usually in times of prolonged or severe conflict. Characteristically, fiscal-military states will subject citizens to high taxation for this purpose. Background In the past, states such as Spain, the Netherlands and Sweden, which were embroiled in… Read More