Components of Physical Fitness

Muscular Strength: The amount of force that a muscle or a group of muscles can exert for one repetition, i.e. crunches.

Muscular Endurance: The capacity of the same muscle or group of muscles to sustain a series of repetitive contractions, i.e. crunches.

Flexibility: The range of movement of a specific joint or group of joints, i.e. quadriceps stretch.

Body Composition: The component parts of the body.  There are two basic component parts of the body:

  1. Body fat; and
  2. Lean body mass.

Agility: The ability to change and control the direction while in motion of your body.

Balance: The ability to keep your body stable while moving or in a static position (no movement).

Coordination: The ability to use two or more body parts of your body together in order to perform a task.

Power: The ability to perform an activity that requires strength quickly i.e. jumping.

Speed: The ability to perform a movement to cover distance in a minimum amount of time.

Reaction Time:  The time it takes for the brain to receive information in and send a message to the muscles to initiate movement.

Cardiovascular Fitness: The healthy functioning of the circulatory and respiratory systems.  These systems are made up of the heart, lungs and blood vessels.


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