What was the Royal Air Force Mutiny of 1946?

Introduction The Royal Air Force Mutiny of 1946 was a series of demonstrations and strikes at several dozen Royal Air Force stations in the Indian Subcontinent in January 1946. Background As these incidents involved refusals to obey orders they technically constituted a form of “mutiny”. The protests arose from slow demobilisation and poor conditions of… Read More

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What were the Post-World War II Demobilisation Strikes?

Introduction Post-World War II demobilisation strikes occurred within Allied military forces stationed across the Middle East, India and South-East Asia in the months and years following World War II. Background American military personnel based in occupied Germany were holding mass parades for speedier demobilisation and in the Philippines formed soldiers committees and went on demonstrations… Read More

What is Demobilisation?

Introduction Demobilisation is the process of standing down a nation’s armed forces from combat-ready status. Background This may be as a result of victory in war, or because a crisis has been peacefully resolved and military force will not be necessary. The opposite of demobilisation is mobilisation. Forceful demobilisation of a defeated enemy is called… Read More

What was Operation Magic Carpet?

Introduction Operation Magic Carpet was the post-World War II operation by the War Shipping Administration to repatriate over eight million American military personnel from the European, Pacific, and Asian theatres. Hundreds of Liberty ships, Victory ships, and troop transports began repatriating soldiers from Europe in June 1945. Beginning in October 1945, over 370 navy ships… Read More

What is the Adjusted Service Rating Score?

Introduction The Adjusted Service Rating Score was the system that the United States Army used at the end of World War II in Europe to determine which soldiers were eligible to be repatriated to the United States for discharge from military service as part of Operation Magic Carpet. Refer to Selective Service System. Brief History… Read More

Bolsheviks! The British Army, Discipline, and the Demobilisation Strikes of 1919

Research Paper Title “The British Soldier is no Bolshevik”: The British Army, Discipline, and the Demobilization Strikes of 1919. Background This article considers the breakdown in discipline in the British Army which occurred in Britain and on the Western Front during the process of demobilisation at the end of the First World War. Many soldiers,… Read More