Introduction The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a civil war in the United States from 12 April 1861 to 09 May 1865 (last shot fired 22 June 1865), fought between northern states loyal to the Union and southern states that had seceded to form the Confederate States of America. The civil… Read More
“It was indeed seldom that [Southern] officers were guilty of cowardice upon the field of battle; but they were often in the wrong place, fighting as common soldiers, when they should have been directing others.” General Stonewall Jackson (1924 to 1863) Stonewall Jackson, byname of Thomas Jonathan Jackson, was a Confederate general in the American… Read More
Introduction Sherman’s March to the Sea (also known as the Savannah Campaign or simply Sherman’s March) was a military campaign of the American Civil War conducted through Georgia from 15 November to 21 December 1864 by Major General William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army. The campaign began with Sherman’s troops leaving the captured city… Read More
“The moral effect of result upon troops must never be overlooked.” Major General J.M. Schofield (1831 to 1906), from the Inaugural Address to the Journal of the Military Service Institute of the United States, 11 January 1879 Lieutenant General John McAllister Schofield was an US Army officer who held multiple major commands during the course… Read More
Introduction The Battle of Chaffin’s Farm and New Market Heights, also known as Laurel Hill and combats at Forts Harrison, Johnson, and Gilmer, was fought in Virginia on 29 to 30 September 1864, as part of the Siege of Petersburg in the American Civil War. Background From the very beginning of the war, Confederate engineers… Read More
“General Ewell was so impressed by the conspicuous gallantry of a certain Federal cavalry officer in rallying his troops on the field of battle that he ordered his soldiers not to shoot at the man. [General ‘Stonewall’] Jackson later reprimanded Ewell for this quixotic action, remarking shrewdly, ‘Shoot the brave officers and the cowards will… Read More
“A ship without Marines is like a garment without buttons.” Admiral David Porter (1813 to 1891) David Dixon Porter was an officer of the United States Navy who served in the Mexican War (1846-48) and held important Union commands in the American Civil War (1861-65).