IOC Consensus Statement on Load in Sport & Risk of Injury (Parts 1, 2 & Infographic)

Consensus Statement

How much is too much? (Part 1) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury.


Athletes participating in elite sports are exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendars. Emerging evidence indicates that poor load management is a major risk factor for injury.

The International Olympic Committee convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for:

  • The relationship of load (defined broadly to include rapid changes in):
    • Training and competition load;
    • Competition calendar congestion;
    • Psychological load; and
    • Travel.
  • Health outcomes in sport.

The researchers summarise the results linking load to risk of injury in athletes, and provide athletes, coaches and support staff with practical guidelines to manage load in sport. This consensus statement includes guidelines for:

  1. Prescription of training and competition load, as well as for
  2. Monitoring of training, competition and psychological load, athlete well-being and injury.

In the process, the researchers identified research priorities.

  • Part 2 of the consensus statement can be found here.
  • An Infographic can be found here.


The same principles identified in the consensus statement can be applied to participants in group outdoor fitness.


How Much is too Much? (Part 1) International Olympic Committee Consensus Statement on Load in Sport and Risk of Injury. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 50(17), pp.1030-1041. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096581.


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