Research Paper Title
May the Blessed Man Win: A Critique of the Categorical Preference for Natural Talent over Doping as Proper Origins of Athletic Ability.
Doping scandals can reveal unresolved tensions between the meritocratic values of equal opportunity + reward for effort and the “talentocratic” love of hereditary privilege. Whence this special reverence for talent?
The researchers analyse the following arguments:
- Talent is a unique indicator of greater potential, whereas doping enables only temporary boosts (the fluke critique);
- Developing a talent is an authentic endeavour of “becoming who you are,” whereas reforming the fundamentals of your birth suit via artifice is an act of alienation (the phony critique);
- Your (lack of) talent informs you of your proper place and purpose in life, whereas doping frustrates such an amor fati self-understanding (the fateless critique).
The researchers conclude that these arguments fail to justify a categorical preference for natural talent over integrated artifice. Instead, they illustrate the extent to which unsavoury beliefs about “nature’s aristocracy” may still be at play in the moral theatre of sports.
Bonte, P., Sterckx, S. & Pennings, G. (2014) May the Blessed Man Win: A Critique of the Categorical Preference for Natural Talent over Doping as Proper Origins of Athletic Ability. The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 39(4), pp.368-386. doi:10.1093/jmp/jhu024.