What was Operation Pike?

Introduction Operation Pike was the code-name for a strategic bombing plan, overseen by Air Commodore John Slessor, against the Soviet Union by the Anglo-French alliance. British military planning against the Soviet Union occurred during the first two years of the Second World War, when, despite Soviet neutrality, the British and French came to the conclusion… Read More


What was the Shelling of Mainila (1939)?

Introduction The Shelling of Mainila (Finnish: Mainilan laukaukset) was a military incident on 26 November 1939 in which the Soviet Union’s Red Army shelled the Soviet village of Mainila (near Beloostrov). The Soviet Union declared that the fire originated from Finland across the nearby border and claimed to have had losses in personnel. Through that… Read More

What was the Norwegian Campaign (1940)?

Introduction The Norwegian campaign, part of Operation Weserubung, was an attempted Allied occupation of northern Norway, during the early stages of World War II. Some early stages of the Allied operation preceded the German invasion and occupation of the Norwegian mainland on 08 April 1940. Planned as Operation Wilfred and Plan R 4, while the… Read More

What was the Continuation War (1941-1944)?

Introduction The Continuation War was a conflict fought by Finland and Nazi Germany, against the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1941 to 1944, during World War II. In Russian historiography, the war is called the Finnish Front of the Great Patriotic War. Germany regarded its operations in the region as part of its overall war efforts… Read More

What was the Winter War (1939-1940)?

Introduction The Winter War was a war between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland. It began with a Soviet invasion of Finland on 30 November 1939, three months after the outbreak of World War II, and ended three and a half months later with the Moscow Peace Treaty on 13 March 1940. Despite superior military… Read More

What was the Phoney War (1939-1940)?

Introduction The Phoney War (French: Drôle de guerre; German: Sitzkrieg) was an eight-month period at the start of World War II, during which there was only one limited military land operation on the Western Front, when French troops invaded Germany’s Saar district. The Phoney period began with the declaration of war by the United Kingdom… Read More