What was the Battle of Nepheris (147 BC)?

Introduction The Battle of Nepheris was the second battle of the Third Punic War that took place at Nepheris in 147 BC. The battle was fought between the forces of the Roman Republic, commanded by Scipio Aemilianus, and the forces of Carthage who were commanded by Diogenes of Carthage. Context After the Roman defeat at… Read More

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What was the Battle of Port of Carthage (147 BC)?

Introduction The Battle of the Port of Carthage was a naval battle of the Third Punic War fought in 147 BC between the Carthaginians and the Roman Republic. Background In the summer of 147 BC, during the Siege of Carthage, the Roman fleet, under the command of Lucius Hostilius Mancinus kept a close watch on… Read More

What was the Siege of Carthage (149-146 BC)?

Introduction The Siege of Carthage was the main engagement of the Third Punic War and was fought between Carthage and Rome. It consisted of the nearly-three-year siege of the Carthaginian capital, Carthage (a little north east of modern Tunis). In 149 BC a large Roman army landed at Utica in North Africa. The Carthaginians hoped… Read More

What was the Battle of Lake Tunis (149 BC)?

Introduction The Battle of Lake Tunis was a series of engagements of the Third Punic War fought in 149 BC between the Carthaginians and the Roman Republic. Initial Assault When the Roman consuls Manius Manilius and Lucius Marcius Censorinus made their beachhead at Carthage, they deployed separately in two different locations; Manilius set up his… Read More

What was the Third Punic War (149-146 BC)?

Introduction The Third Punic War (149-146 BC) was the third and last of the Punic Wars fought between Carthage and Rome. The war was fought entirely within Carthaginian territory, in modern northern Tunisia. When the Second Punic War ended in 201 BC, one of the terms of the peace treaty prohibited Carthage from waging war… Read More

What was the Second Punic War (218-201 BC)?

Introduction The Second Punic War (Spring 218 BC to 201 BC) was the second of three wars fought between Carthage and Rome, the two main powers of the western Mediterranean in the 3rd century BC. Refer to the First Punic War (264-241 BC) and Third Punic War (149-146 BC). For seventeen years, the two states… Read More

What was the Battle of Crotona (204 BC)?

Introduction The battle or, more precisely, the battles of Croton in 204 and 203 BC were, as well as the raid in Cisalpine Gaul, the last larger scale engagements between the Romans and the Carthaginians in Italy during the Second Punic War (218-201 BC). After Hannibal’s retreat to Bruttium due to the Metaurus debacle, the… Read More