What is the Detainee Treatment Act 2005 (US)?

Introduction The Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 (DTA) is an Act of the United States Congress that was signed into law by President George W. Bush on 30 December 2005. Offered as an amendment to a supplemental defence spending bill, it contains provisions relating to treatment of persons in custody of the Department of Defence,… Read More


What was a Kapo?

Introduction A kapo or prisoner functionary (German: Funktionshäftling) was a prisoner in a Nazi camp who was assigned by the Schutzstaffel (SS) guards to supervise forced labour or carry out administrative tasks (refer to World War II). Also called “prisoner self-administration”, the prisoner functionary system minimised costs by allowing camps to function with fewer SS… Read More

1980s and 90s, and US Shock Incarceration Programmes

Such was the hope for shock incarceration programmes in US prisons that young, non-violent offenders could be diverted from a life outside the law using the same tactics successfully employed by the military to turn civilians into soldiers.  This reliance on a military atmosphere still provokes controversy over boot camp programmes, with proponents arguing that… Read More

1960s and 70s, and the US Army Correctional Training Facility (CTF)

In 1968, the US Army Correctional Training Facility (CTF) was established at Fort Riley, Kansas, in response to public demands during the mid-1960s that society should attempt to rehabilitate criminals in confinement rather than just confine them.  Its mission was to return military inmates to duty with improved attributes and motivation through intensive training, supervision… Read More