1980s and 90s, and US Shock Incarceration Programmes

Such was the hope for shock incarceration programmes in US prisons that young, non-violent offenders could be diverted from a life outside the law using the same tactics successfully employed by the military to turn civilians into soldiers.  This reliance on a military atmosphere still provokes controversy over boot camp programmes, with proponents arguing that… Read More


1960s and 70s, and the US Army Correctional Training Facility (CTF)

In 1968, the US Army Correctional Training Facility (CTF) was established at Fort Riley, Kansas, in response to public demands during the mid-1960s that society should attempt to rehabilitate criminals in confinement rather than just confine them.  Its mission was to return military inmates to duty with improved attributes and motivation through intensive training, supervision… Read More