What is an Investment (Military)?

Introduction Investment is military term for the process of surrounding an enemy fort (or town) with armed forces to prevent entry or escape. It serves both to cut communications with the outside world and to prevent supplies and reinforcements from being introduced. A circumvallation is a line of fortifications, built by the attackers around the… Read More


What is a Siege?

Introduction A siege is a military blockade of a city, or fortress, with the intent of conquering by attrition, or a well-prepared assault. This derives from Latin: sedere, lit. ‘to sit’. Siege warfare is a form of constant, low-intensity conflict characterised by one party holding a strong, static, defensive position. Consequently, an opportunity for negotiation… Read More

Argentina: A Tragedy Prompts New Thinking on the Armed Forces

Argentines have given up hope of finding alive the 44 crew aboard the ARA San Juan, the most modern of the navy’s three submarines, which disappeared on 15 November 2017. On 23 November 2017 the navy said an explosion had been detected in the area where the submarine is thought to have been. The apparent… Read More

History & Government: Defence as a Public Good

“War is hell; the less of it the better. Yet it has also been a near constant feature of human history, and a constant stimulus to political evolution. Defence is a textbook example of a public good. Security benefits all residents of a country, and cannot be denied to citizens who prefer not to pay for it. There is… Read More