Introduction A cantonment is a military or police quarters. The word cantonment, derived from the French word canton, meaning corner or district, refers to a temporary military or winter encampment. For example, at the start of the Waterloo campaign in 1815, while the Duke of Wellington’s headquarters were in Brussels, most of his Anglo-allied army… Read More
What is an Enceinte?
Introduction Enceinte (from Latin incinctus: girdled, surrounded) is a French term denoting the “main defensive enclosure of a fortification”. For a castle this is the main defensive line of wall towers and curtain walls enclosing the position. For a settlement it would be the main town wall with its associated gatehouses and towers and walls.… Read More
What is a Bastion?
Introduction A bastion or bulwark is a structure projecting outward from the curtain wall of a fortification, most commonly angular in shape and positioned at the corners of the fort. The fully developed bastion consists of two faces and two flanks, with fire from the flanks being able to protect the curtain wall and the… Read More
What is a Barracks?
Introduction Barracks are usually a group of long buildings built to house military personnel or labourers. The English word comes via French from an old Spanish word “barraca” (hut), originally referring to temporary shelters or huts for various people and animals, but today barracks are usually permanent buildings for military accommodation. The word may apply… Read More
What is a Fortification?
Introduction A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare, and is also used to establish rule in a region during peacetime. The term is derived from Latin fortis (“strong”) and facere (“to make”). From very early history to modern times, defensive walls have often been necessary for… Read More
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