What is a Fortification?

Introduction A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare, and is also used to establish rule in a region during peacetime. The term is derived from Latin fortis (“strong”) and facere (“to make”). From very early history to modern times, defensive walls have often been necessary for… Read More


What is a Sangar?

Introduction A sangar (or sanger) (Persian: سنگر‎) is a temporary fortified position with a breastwork originally constructed of stones, and now built of sandbags, gabions or similar materials. Sangars are normally constructed in terrain where the digging of trenches would not be practicable. The term is still frequently used by the British Army. Etymology The… Read More