What was the Treaty of the Hague (1720)?

Introduction The Treaty of The Hague was signed on 17 February 1720 between Spain and the Quadruple Alliance, established by the 1718 Treaty of London. Its members included Britain, France, the Dutch Republic and Austria. By signing, Spain joined the Alliance, ending the War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718 to 1720) and accepting the terms… Read More


What was the Battle of Glen Shiel (1719)?

Introduction The Battle of Glen Shiel, or Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Ghleann Seile, took place on 10 June 1719 in the West Scottish Highlands, during the 1719 Jacobite Rising. A Jacobite army composed of Highland levies and Spanish marines, was defeated by British troops, reinforced by a Highland Independent Company. The rising was backed by Spain,… Read More

What was the Battle of Eilean Donan (1719)?

Introduction The Capture of Eilean Donan Castle, also referred to as the Battle of Eilean Donan, was a land-based naval engagement that took place in 1719 during the Jacobite rising of that year, and the War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718 to 1720). A British naval reconnaissance force of three ships attacked the castle of… Read More