What was the Battle of Glen Shiel (1719)?

Introduction The Battle of Glen Shiel, or Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Ghleann Seile, took place on 10 June 1719 in the West Scottish Highlands, during the 1719 Jacobite Rising. A Jacobite army composed of Highland levies and Spanish marines, was defeated by British troops, reinforced by a Highland Independent Company. The rising was backed by Spain,… Read More


What was the Battle of Eilean Donan (1719)?

Introduction The Capture of Eilean Donan Castle, also referred to as the Battle of Eilean Donan, was a land-based naval engagement that took place in 1719 during the Jacobite rising of that year, and the War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718 to 1720). A British naval reconnaissance force of three ships attacked the castle of… Read More

What was the Battle of Cape Pasaro (1718)?

Introduction The Battle of Cape Passaro, also known as Battle of Avola or Battle of Syracuse, was a major naval battle fought on 11 August 1718 between a fleet of the British Royal Navy under Admiral Sir George Byng and a fleet of the Spanish Navy under Vice-Admiral Antonio de Gaztañeta. It was fought off… Read More

What was the War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718-1720)?

Introduction The War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718-1720) was caused by Spanish attempts to recover territorial losses agreed by the 1713 Peace of Utrecht. Conducted primarily in Italy, it included minor engagements in the Americas and Northern Europe as well as the Spanish-backed 1719 Jacobite Rising. Spain recaptured Sardinia in 1717 without opposition, followed by… Read More