Introduction The Battle of Francavilla was fought on 20 June 1719 near the city of Francavilla di Sicilia in Sicily, Italy between Spain and Austria as part of the War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718 to 1720). Background After the destruction of the Spanish fleet in the Battle of Cape Passaro in August 1718, the… Read More
What was the Battle of Milazzo (1718)?
Introduction The Battle of Milazzo was fought on 15 October 1718 near the city of Milazzo in Sicily, Italy between Spain and Austria as part of the War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718 to 1720). Background Frustrated by the loss of his Italian possessions after the War of the Spanish Succession, King Philip V of… Read More
What was the War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718-1720)?
Introduction The War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718-1720) was caused by Spanish attempts to recover territorial losses agreed by the 1713 Peace of Utrecht. Conducted primarily in Italy, it included minor engagements in the Americas and Northern Europe as well as the Spanish-backed 1719 Jacobite Rising. Spain recaptured Sardinia in 1717 without opposition, followed by… Read More
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