What was the Siege of Martyropolis (531)?

Introduction A siege of Martyropolis occurred in Autumn of 531 during the Iberian War (526-532) between the Sasanian Empire under Kavadh I and Byzantine Empire under Justinian I. A Roman raid from Martyropolis triggered the Sasanians to launch a siege on the newly fortified frontier city. Initially, the Sasanians had the upper hand, but a… Read More


What was the Battle of Satala (530)?

Introduction The Battle of Satala was fought between the forces of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and the Sassanid (Persian) Empire in summer 530, near Satala in Byzantine Armenia. The Persian army approached the city to lay siege, when it was attacked in the rear by a small Byzantine force. The Persians turned back to… Read More

What was the Battle of Dara (530)?

Introduction The Battle of Dara was fought between the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire and the Sasanians in 530. It was one of the battles of the Iberian War (526-532). Procopius’s account of this engagement is among the most detailed descriptions of a late Roman battle. Background The Byzantine Empire was at war with the Sassanids… Read More

What was the Battle of Mindouos (528)?

Introduction The battle of Mindouos was a battle fought between the Persians and Byzantines just after the battle of Thannuris (528). Part of the Iberian War (526-532). Background Procopius wrongly claimed that the two battles were one. The Byzantine commander Belisarius was ordered to build a fortress at the location. When Persian forces arrived in… Read More

What was the Battle of Thannuris (528)?

Introduction The Battle of Thannuris (Tannuris) (or Battle of Mindouos) was fought between the forces of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire under Belisarius and Coutzes and the Persian Sasanian Empire under Xerxes in summer 528, near Dara in northern Mesopotamia. As they were trying to build a fortress in Mindouos, the Byzantines were defeated by… Read More

What was the Iberian War (526-532)?

Introduction The Iberian War was fought from 526 to 532 between the Byzantine Empire and the Sasanian Empire over the eastern Georgian kingdom of Iberia – a Sasanian client state that defected to the Byzantines. Conflict erupted among tensions over tribute and the spice trade. The Sasanians maintained the upper hand until 530 but the… Read More

What was the Battle of Callinicum (531 AD)?

Introduction The Battle of Callinicum took place on Easter Saturday, 19 April 531 AD, between the armies of the Byzantine Empire under Belisarius and a Sasanian cavalry force under Azarethes. After a defeat at the Battle of Dara (530 AD), the Sasanians moved to invade Syria in an attempt to turn the tide of the… Read More