What was the Siege of Martyropolis (531)?

Introduction A siege of Martyropolis occurred in Autumn of 531 during the Iberian War (526-532) between the Sasanian Empire under Kavadh I and Byzantine Empire under Justinian I. A Roman raid from Martyropolis triggered the Sasanians to launch a siege on the newly fortified frontier city. Initially, the Sasanians had the upper hand, but a… Read More


What was the Battle of Satala (530)?

Introduction The Battle of Satala was fought between the forces of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and the Sassanid (Persian) Empire in summer 530, near Satala in Byzantine Armenia. The Persian army approached the city to lay siege, when it was attacked in the rear by a small Byzantine force. The Persians turned back to… Read More

What was the Iberian War (526-532)?

Introduction The Iberian War was fought from 526 to 532 between the Byzantine Empire and the Sasanian Empire over the eastern Georgian kingdom of Iberia – a Sasanian client state that defected to the Byzantines. Conflict erupted among tensions over tribute and the spice trade. The Sasanians maintained the upper hand until 530 but the… Read More

What was the Battle of Callinicum (531 AD)?

Introduction The Battle of Callinicum took place on Easter Saturday, 19 April 531 AD, between the armies of the Byzantine Empire under Belisarius and a Sasanian cavalry force under Azarethes. After a defeat at the Battle of Dara (530 AD), the Sasanians moved to invade Syria in an attempt to turn the tide of the… Read More