What is a Pincer Movement?

Introduction The pincer movement, or double envelopment, is a military manoeuvre in which forces simultaneously attack both flanks (sides) of an enemy formation. This classic manoeuvre holds an important foothold throughout the history of warfare. The pincer movement typically occurs when opposing forces advance towards the centre of an army that responds by moving its… Read More

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What are Encirclement Campaigns?

Introduction Encirclement campaigns were the campaigns launched by forces of the Chinese Nationalist Government against forces of the Communist Party of China during the early stage of the Chinese Civil War. Formulated by German advisors Hans von Seeckt and Alexander von Falkenhausen, the campaigns were launched between the late 1920s to the mid-1930s with the… Read More