What are the Differences in the Prevalence of Fruit & Vegetable Consumption in Spanish Workers?

Research Paper Title

Differences in the Prevalence of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Spanish Workers.

Background

The present study aims to examine the differences in daily fruit and vegetable consumption in the working population in Spain.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted, using data from the 2017 National Health Survey (n = 10,700 workers aged between 18 and 65 years). The daily consumption of fruit and vegetables was evaluated using two items included in a food frequency questionnaire. Occupations were classified into the 17 main groups of the National Classification of Occupations of 2011 (CNO-11). The prevalence (P) of daily fruit and vegetable consumption was calculated in relation to sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviours, work-related characteristics and occupations. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association, with simple and adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR).

Results

The P of daily consumption of fruit and vegetables in workers was 60% for fruit and 40% for vegetables. After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and health behaviours, workers working night or rotating shifts had a lower consumption of fruits (aOR:0.9; p < 0.05), and those working on temporary contracts had a lower consumption of vegetables (aOR:0.8; p < 0.05). Engineers, scientists, health care workers and teachers had the highest fruit consumption (74.5%) and the highest vegetable consumption (55.1%). The lowest consumption of fruits was presented by the military (42.3%) and unskilled workers in the service sector (45.8%), and the lowest consumption of vegetables was presented by skilled construction workers (25.5%).

Conclusions

These findings could aid in workplace health promotion and could be used in future studies to evaluate the impact of the activities adopted.

Reference

Rhonda-Perez, E., Campos-Mora, J., de Juan, A. Gea, T., Reid, A. & Caballero, P. (2020) Differences in the Prevalence of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Spanish Workers. Nutrients. 12(12):3848. doi: 10.3390/nu12123848.

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