What is the Effect of Deployment on Pulmonary Function in Military Personnel With Asthma?

Research Paper Title

The Effect of Deployment on Pulmonary Function in Military Personnel With Asthma.

Background

Military personnel with a diagnosis of asthma report increased respiratory symptoms in the deployment and post-deployment periods. The long-term effect of deployment on pulmonary function in this population is unknown. This study sought to determine the effect of deployment on post-deployment pulmonary function in active duty military personnel with asthma.

Methods

A retrospective chart review of active duty military personnel with deployment to southwest Asia and an ICD-9 diagnosis of asthma with documented pre- and post-deployment spirometry was performed.

Results

A total of 642 active duty individuals with a diagnosis of asthma and documented spirometry with deployment to southwest Asia between 2006 and 2015 were identified. Of these, 76 individuals were identified with pre- and post-deployment spirometry. There was no significant change in the post-deployment forced expiratory volume at 1 second (% predicted), from 86.0 ± 14.8 to 87.6 ± 14.4 (P = .30). There was no significant change in post-deployment forced vital capacity (% predicted), from 93.8 ± 12.4 to 94.9 ± 12.1 (P = .42). The absolute change in forced expiratory volume at 1 second (L) after bronchodilator administration was decreased from pre-deployment to post-deployment (+0.31 ± 0.26 to +0.16 ± 0.23; P = .02).

Conclusions

There was no significant post-deployment change in spirometry in this military population with asthma deployed to southwest Asia. These findings suggest that deployment itself is not associated with any short-term deleterious effect on post-deployment spirometric measures of lung function in many military personnel with asthma.

Reference

Woods, J.T., Walter, R.J., Houle, M.C., Barber, B.S. & Morris, M.J. (2020) The Effect of Deployment on Pulmonary Function in Military Personnel With Asthma. Military Medicine. doi: 10.1093/milmed/usaa558. Online ahead of print.

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