How Does Depression Present in the British Army?

Research Paper Title

The Presentation of Depression in the British Army.

Background

The British Army is predominately composed of young men, often from disadvantaged backgrounds, in which Depression is a common mental health disorder. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to construct a predictive model detailing the presentation of depression in the army that could be utilised as an educational and clinical guideline for Army clinical personnel.

Methods

Utilising a Constructivist Grounded Theory, phase 1 consisted of 19 interviews with experienced Army mental health clinicians. Phase 2 was a validation exercise conducted with 3 general practitioners.

Results

Depression in the Army correlates poorly with civilian definitions, and has a unique interpretation.

Conclusions

Young soldiers presented with symptoms not in the International Classification of Disorders and older soldiers who feared being medically downgraded, sought help outside the Army Medical Services. Women found it easier to seek support, but many were inappropriately labelled as depressed. Implications include a need to address the poor understanding of military stressors; their relationships to depressive symptoms and raise higher awareness of gender imbalances with regard to access and treatment. The results have international implications for other Armed forces, and those employed in Young Men’s Mental Health. The results are presented as a simple predictive model and aide memoire that can be utilised as an educational and clinical guideline. There is scope to adapt this model to international civilian healthcare practice.

Reference

Finnegan, A., Finnegan, S., Thomas, M., Deahl, M., Simpson, R.G. & Ashford, R. (2014) The Presentation of Depression in the British Army. Nurse Education Today. 34(1), pp.83-91.

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