Research Paper Title
Adherence to Healthy Lifestyle and Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Prospective Cohort Study.
Is a healthy lifestyle profile before pregnancy associated with a reduced risk of gestational diabetes?
Compared with women who did not meet any of the low risk factors assessed (healthy body weight, healthy diet, regular exercise, and not smoking), those who met all four criteria had an 83% lower risk of gestational diabetes.
What is Known and What this Paper Adds
Although several potentially modifiable factors of gestational diabetes have been identified, the joint effect of them is unknown. This study suggests that adherence to a healthy lifestyle profile before pregnancy is associated with a substantially lower risk, which applies to both normal weight and overweight/obese women.
Zhang, C., Tobias, D.K., Chavarro, J.E., Bao, W., Wang., D., Ley, S.H. & Hu, F.B. (2014) Adherence to Healthy Lifestyle and Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Prospective Cohort Study. BMJ 2014;349:g5450.