Employment of Forward Surgical Teams during Troop withdrawal under Combat Conditions

Research Paper Title

The 912th Forward Surgical Team in Operation New Dawn: Employment of the Forward Surgical Team during Troop withdrawal under Combat Conditions.

Abstract

The Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq witnessed the first widespread use of US Army Forward Surgical Teams (FSTs). Although doctrinally designed to support manoeuvre brigades in a linear front conflict, FSTs were quickly adapted to fulfill area support and special operation support missions as part of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. FST’s were also split to cover a greater area in both theaters. The authors report further adaptation of the split FST role to meet the unique requirements encountered during the final phase of Operation New Dawn. Maintaining resuscitative surgical capabilities for US Forces withdrawing under combat conditions required changes in techniques, tactics, and procedures. The authors describe their experience within three different scenarios in which elements of an FST were successfully employed and discuss operational planning considerations.

Reference

Counihan, T.C. & Danielson, P.D. (2012) The 912th Forward Surgical Team in Operation New Dawn: Employment of the Forward Surgical Team during Troop withdrawal under Combat Conditions. Military Medicine. 177(11), pp.1267-1271.

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