Nutrition Knowledge & Supplement Use Among Elite US Army Soldiers

English: United States Army Special Forces sho...
English: United States Army Special Forces shoulder sleeve insignia. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Research Paper Title

Nutrition Knowledge and Supplement Use Among Elite U.S. Army Soldiers.

Background

A U.S. Army Special Forces (SF) unit was studied to determine characteristics of supplement users, assess nutrition knowledge, and identify nutrition information sources.

Methods

SF-qualified (n = 119) and non-SF, support soldiers (n = 38) participated.

Results

Most soldiers (87%) reported current supplement use with more SF (90%) than non-SF, support soldiers (76%) using supplements (p < or = 0.05). Supplements SF reported using most were multivitamins, sports bars/drinks, and vitamin C. The mean nutrition knowledge score for all soldiers was 48.5 +/- 15.2% correct responses.

Conclusions

Most soldiers incorrectly believe protein is used for energy for short-term athletic events (64%) and that vitamins provide energy (58%). The most common information sources reportedly used were popular magazines/books (75%), friends/team mates (55%), physicians/nurses, radio/television (34%), and the Internet (31%).

Reference

Bovill, M.E., Tharion, W.J. & Lieberman, H.R. (2003) Nutrition Knowledge and Supplement Use Among Elite U.S. Army Soldiers. Military Medicine. 168(12), pp.997-1000.

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