New Partners Announced: Ms Dietary Pattern & Mr Gene Expression

;Title: "fast food is the best!"

Research Paper Title

Associations between Dietary Patterns and Gene Expression Profiles of Healthy Men and Women: A Cross-sectional Study.

Background

Diet regulates gene expression profiles by several mechanisms. The objective of this study was to examine gene expression in relation with dietary patterns.

Methods

Two hundred and fifty four participants from the greater Quebec City metropolitan area were recruited. Two hundred and ten participants completed the study protocol. Dietary patterns were derived from a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) by factor analysis. For 30 participants (in fasting state), RNA was extracted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and expression levels of 47,231 mRNA transcripts were assessed using the Illumina Human-6 v3 Expression BeadChips®. Microarray data was pre-processed with Flexarray software and analysed with Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA).

Results

Two dietary patterns were identified:

  1. The Prudent dietary pattern was characterised by high intakes of vegetables, fruits, whole grain products and low intakes of refined grain products; and
  2. The Western dietary pattern, by high intakes of refined grain products, desserts, sweets and processed meats.

When individuals with high scores for the Prudent dietary pattern where compared to individuals with low scores, 2,083 transcripts were differentially expressed in men, 1,136 transcripts in women and 59 transcripts were overlapping in men and women. For the Western dietary pattern, 1,021 transcripts were differentially expressed in men with high versus low scores, 1,163 transcripts in women and 23 transcripts were overlapping in men and women.

IPA reveals that genes differentially expressed for both patterns were present in networks related to the immune and/or inflammatory response, cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

Conclusion

Gene expression profiles were different according to dietary patterns, which probably modulate the risk of chronic diseases.

Source: Nutrition Journal 2013;12:24.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply