What is Afghan Independence Day?

Introduction Afghan Independence Day is celebrated as a national holiday in Afghanistan on 19 August to commemorate the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 and relinquishment from protected state status. The treaty granted a complete neutral relation between Afghanistan and Britain. Afghanistan had become a British protectorate after the Treaty of Gandamak was signed (1879) in the… Read More

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What was the Siege of the British Residency in Kabul (1879)?

Introduction The Siege of the British Residency in Kabul was a military engagement of the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878-1880). The British resident, Sir Louis Cavagnari and his escort were massacred after an 8-hour siege by mutinous Afghan troops inside their Residency in Kabul. This event triggered the second phase of the war, during which an… Read More