What was the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (1657)?

Introduction The Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife was a military operation in the Anglo-Spanish War (1654-1660) which took place on 20 April 1657. An English fleet under Admiral Robert Blake penetrated the heavily defended harbour at Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the Spanish Canary Islands and attacked their treasure fleet. The treasure had already… Read More


Force & Foe…

“Who overcomes by force, hath overcome but half his foe.” John Milton (1608 to 1674) John Milton was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and… Read More