What was the Battle of Pratapgad (1659)?

Introduction The Battle of Pratapgad (or Pratapgarh) was a land battle fought on 10 November 1659 at the fort of Pratapgad near the town of Satara, Maharashtra, India between the forces of the Maratha king Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and the Adilshahi general Afzal Khan. The Marathas defeated the Adilshahi forces. It was their first significant… Read More


What was the Second Anglo-Maratha War?

Introduction The Second Anglo-Maratha War (1802–1805) was the second conflict between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India. Background The British had supported the “fugitive” Peshwa Raghunathrao in the First Anglo-Maratha War, continued with his “fugitive” son, Baji Rao II. Though not as martial in his courage as his father, the… Read More