What was Pride’s Purge (1648)?

Introduction Pride’s Purge is the name commonly used for an event that took place on 06 December 1648, when soldiers prevented MPs considered hostile to the New Model Army from entering the House of Commons. Despite defeat in the First English Civil War, Charles I retained significant political power. This allowed him to create an… Read More

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What was the Siege of Gloucester (1643)?

Introduction The Siege of Gloucester took place between 10 August and 05 September 1643 during the First English Civil War. It was part of a Royalist campaign led by King Charles I to take control of the Severn Valley from the Parliamentarians. Following the costly storming of Bristol on 26 July, Charles invested Gloucester in… Read More

What was the First Battle of Newbury (1643)?

Introduction The First Battle of Newbury was a battle of the First English Civil War that was fought on 20 September 1643 between a Royalist army, under the personal command of King Charles, and a Parliamentarian force led by the Earl of Essex (the Second Battle of Newbury was fought in 1644). Following a year… Read More

What was the Second Battle of Newbury (1644)?

Introduction The Second Battle of Newbury was a battle of the First English Civil War fought on 27 October 1644, in Speen, adjoining Newbury in Berkshire. The battle was fought close to the site of the First Battle of Newbury, which took place in late September the previous year. The combined armies of Parliament inflicted… Read More

What was the Treaty of Ripon (1640)?

Introduction The Treaty of Ripon was an agreement signed by Charles I, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and the Scottish Covenanters on 28 October 1640, in the aftermath of the Second Bishops’ War. The Bishops’ Wars were fought by the Covenanters to oppose attempts by Charles to bring the Church of Scotland closer to… Read More

What was the Battle of Edgehill (1642)?

Introduction The Battle of Edgehill (or Edge Hill) was a pitched battle of the First English Civil War. It was fought near Edge Hill and Kineton in southern Warwickshire on Sunday, 23 October 1642. All attempts at constitutional compromise between King Charles and Parliament broke down early in 1642. Both the King and Parliament raised… Read More